Terminalia Bellirica, Bahera
Bibhitaki is a large deciduous tree found throughout India that reaches a height up to 30 meters.
Bibhitaki is a large deciduous tree found throughout India that reaches a height up to 30 meters. The trunk of the tree is straight with brownish-grey color. Leaves are long, alternate, oval, and are clustered towards the end of branches. These are 7-14cm in breadth and 10-12cm in length.
Simple and solitary flowers are white or yellow in color, with an offensive odor. Flowers appear in the month of May. The upper part of the plant is male and the lower part is female. Fruits are grey-colored drupes, ovoid in shape. Sweet kernels inside the hard covering of fruit are sweet in taste, but these are narcotic in action.
|Common Name||Myrobalanus bellirica|
|Maximum Reachable Height||1.5 to 30 feet|
|Bloom Time||October November|
|Difficulty Level||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
Leaves are 8-20 cm long, 7.5-15 cm wide, on stalks 2.15 cm long. Flowers arise in spikes in leaf axils, 5-15 cm long. Flowers are greenish-yellow, 5-6 mm across, stalkless, upper flowers of the spike are male, lower flowers are bisexual. Stamens are 3-4 mm long. The fruit is obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled.
Terminalia Bellirica care
Bibhtaki is also called baheda, an herb which makes the fellow fearless and this herb is one of the ingredients among Triphala i.e haritaki, vibhitaki and Amalaki. This herb is very effective in the nourishment of dhatus of the body and in the pacification of tridosha. The fruit pulp is very effective in eye nourishment, hair growth, and preventing hoarseness of voice. It also has mild sedative action and is also used in insomnia. This herb works wonderfully on all seven dhatus and gives miraculous results. This plant contains various chemical compounds such as sitosterol, gallic acid, galic acid, galloyl glucose, chebugalic acid, protein, oxalic acid, tannins, galactose, glucose, mannitol, fructose, chebulasic acid, and rhamnose.
|Temperature||20 to 30 degrees C|
|Fertilizer||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Terminalia Bellirica uses
- The plant is used for ornamental purpose
- Unverified information In traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, Baheda is known as “Bibhitaki;” in its fruit form it is used in the popular Indian herbal Rasayana treatment Triphala
- This species is used by some tribes in the Indian subcontinent for its mind-altering qualities – they smoke-dried kernels
- Too much of this can cause nausea and vomiting
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