Prosopis Cineraria, Shami, Sami


Prosopis cineraria is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae. Leaves are double compounds. The leaflets are dark green and have a tiny point. The tree is evergreen or nearly so. It produces new flush leaves before summer.

The flowers are small in size and yellow or creamy white in color, appear from March to May after the new flush of leaves. The pods are formed soon thereafter and grow rapidly in size attaining full size in about two months’ time.

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Common Name Khejri Tree, Jand, Shemi, Shami
Maximum Reachable Height Up to 15 ft
Flower Colour Yellow or creamy white
Bloom Time Year-round
Difficulty Level Easy to grow

Planting And Care

It is well adapted to the arid conditions and stands well to the adverse vagaries of climate and browsing by animals.

Choose the sunniest spot in your garden.

Water the plant during the only growing season.

Also, prepare the soil with fertilizers and plant feed before planting the tree.
Prosopis Cineraria Care
This plant is propagated through seeds and root suckers. Seed germinates best if the hard seed coat is softened first to allow the ingress of water. Then sow the seeds in the porous potting mix. Monsoon season is best for sowing and planting this plant.

Sunlight Full Sun
Watering Moderately
Soil Well-drained soil
Temperature 20 to 32 degrees C
Fertilizer Apply any organic fertilizer

Prosopis Cineraria Special Feature
Shami plant is considered a sacred tree.
Prosopis Cineraria Uses
Medicinal Use:

  • Prosopis Cineraria plant produces gum, which is obtained during May and June
  • The bark of the tree is dry, acrid, bitter with a sharp taste; cooling anthelmintic; tonic, cures leprosy, dysentery, bronchitis, asthma, leukoderma, hemorrhoids, and muscle tremors
  • The smoke of the leaves is good for eye troubles
  • Note: Please consult with the specialist first before using


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