Sal tree, Shorea robusta



Shorea robusta is a deciduous tree associated with the religious value of people.

Shorea robusta belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family. Sal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in color when freshly cut and becoming dark brown with exposure. Shorea robusta belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family.

The crown is spreading and spherical. The bark is dark brown and thick, with longitudinal fissures deep in poles, becoming shallow in mature trees, and provides effective fire protection. The sal flowers, whitish in color, appear in early summer. These are borne in raceme-like panicles in leaf axils, covered with white pubescence.

SKU: SAL-PLA-AVE Categories: , Product ID: 1918



Common Name Shorea robusta, sal, sakura, shala tree
Maximum Reachable Height up to 35 m
Flower Colour light yellow
Bloom Time April-May.
Difficulty Level easy to grow

Planting And Care

It cannot grow in shade. It requires sunlight.

It requires moist soil but avoids overflowing water.
Sal Tree Care
In wetter areas, it is evergreen; in drier areas, it is dry-season deciduous, shedding most of the leaves in between February to April.

It requires well-drained, fertile soils, though it prefers a moist sandy loam with good subsoil drainage.

It doesn’t tolerate water-logging.

Sunlight Full Sun
Watering medium
Soil well-drained soil
Temperature 22–27 °C
Fertilizer Apply any organic fertilizer

Sal Tree Special Feature
Sal tree resin, á¹›la in Sanskrit, is used as an astringent in Ayurvedic medicine. It is also burned as incense in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.

Shorea robusta seed oil is extracted from the seeds and used as cooking oil after refining. Some cultures in Bengal worship Sarna Burhi, a goddess associated with sacred groves of Sal trees.
Sal Tree Uses
Ornamental Use:

  • The plant is used for ornamental purpose

Medicinal Use:

  • Shorea robusta (Sal), an important traditional Indian medicinal plant used in various ailments and rituals and the indigenous use of the resin of this plant as a medicament for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions is well documented in the literature

Culinary Use:

  • The seeds are a source of sal butter, an oil that is used in cooking like ghee and as a substitute for cocoa butter in making chocolate
  • Fruits are also eaten occasionally



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